A thyroid disorder is a medical condition impairing the function of the thyroid. There are several types of disorders, each with different symptoms and different treatment methods:
Here at Thyroid and Hormone Endocrinology Center we are able to provide our patients with various treatments for these disorders. Read more about the disorders below:
A common condition that occurs when the thyroid’s hormone production is low or below average. This can be a result of various disorders such as iodine deficiencies, autoimmune disorders or pituitary disease. Additionally it can be a symptom of certain prescription medications. Some symptoms include: hair loss, constipation, memory loss, dryness of skin and increased cholesterol levels.
A condition that occurs when the thyroid’s hormone production is excessive or above average. The most common cause of this disorder is an autoimmune disorder called Grave’s disease. Some common symptoms include: excessive sweating, tremors, sudden weight loss, increased heart rate, restlessness and anxiety.
Although one of the most common endocrine disorders, not all nodules are the same. Often, the largest nodule is not necessarily the most concerning one. There are certain features in thyroid nodules that increase the chance of malignancy. This includes its vascularity (the extent of blood supply), calcifications and other factors. These features help dictate the chance of malignancy and therefore we are able to determine which nodule(s) should be biopsied.
There are four major types of thyroid cancer: papillary, follicular, medullary (MTC), and anaplastic. Although the cause of thyroid cancer is unknown, certain risk factors have been identified and include a family history of goiter, exposure to high levels of radiation especially on the head and neck, and certain hereditary syndromes. The most common sign of thyroid cancer a lump (or thyroid nodule) which can be felt in the neck, trouble swallowing, throat or neck pain, persistent coughing, and vocal changes.